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The Excellence Initiative aims to strengthen science and research in Germany in the long term, improve its international competitiveness and raise the profile of the top performers in academia and research. There have already been two phases of Excellence Initiative , , the third one will start on January for another 7 years. Please read more here The positive decision about the funding of the Cluster was made public in October With the founding of BIG-NSE, UniCat aimed at recruiting the most gifted students and young researchers in the world and offer them a broad, high-level structured educational programme in order to prepare them for the high ranking research performed at the cluster.
With the integration into the Einstein Center of Catalysis from Jan. The school further supports the Cluster in recruiting and educating very talented young people from all over the world to perform their PhD research within the Cluster. But, even stronger than in the past, interdisciplinary work is being enhanced through diverse actions. In particular, a new recruitment procedure more than encourages future PhD students to work on topics at the interface between different research fields: Read here for more information The educational programme corresponds to the research areas of UniSysCat.
Lecturers are the professors and researchers participating in UniCat. UniCat was the result of the concerted efforts and the cooperation agreement of the following 6 research institutions in the Berlin area:. Technische Universität Berlin TU. Humboldt Universität Berlin HU. Freie Universität Berlin FU. UniSysCat's faculty includes the staff of more than 50 research groups, working in diverse research fields at the 9 participating institutions.
They were sold under the E-Class model names in both sedan saloon and station wagon estate body types. W development started in , three years after the W 's introduction. The W E-class's appearance, which was designed by Steve Mattin under design chief Bruno Sacco between and , heralded a new design idiom for Mercedes, which would continue until the W CLK. W design work was frozen in May and developed for a show vehicle by late On 21 July , design patents were filed on an updated W designed in This electronic system replaced the previous gated shift arrangement and simplified gear changes.
Exterior changes included a revised front with a steeper rake, similar to the CLK , and restyled bumpers and lower body trim; additionally, sedans received new taillights, while the wagon's tailgate was redesigned, moving the CHMSL from the base of the rear window to directly above it in the underside of a small integral spoiler lip.
The final W production included the E and E special editions released in two exterior colors - quartz silver limited edition , obsidian black, and with Xenon lights, inch alloy wheels and black maple walnut trim. Estate cars sedans optionally had Citroen-like self-leveling rear suspension with suspension struts rather than shock absorbers, gas-filled suspension spheres to provide damping and an under bonnet pressurizing pump. It was the first Mercedes-Benz production car featuring Xenon headlamps including dynamic headlamp range control, only low beam.
This was the first time a V6 engine was offered model year to replace the straight-six configuration — In North America, the range also features two diesels, including both non-turbocharged — and turbocharged — 3.
The early four and six-cylinder W E-Class carried over the 4-speed In , Mercedes installed in the E-class its electronically controlled model " A five-speed manual is also available, although after the facelift in , it was replaced by a six-speed manual. The 5-speed transmission was marketed as "sealed for life"; however, Mercedes dealers now recommend changing the fluid at regular intervals. The W chassis originally came with one of the following OEM wheel setups:.
ET is the German abbreviation for Einpresstiefe or offset , where the number is in mm and indicates the amount of offset.
This is the same bolt pattern as most Mercedes, including the previous E-Class W There were four engines that AMG installed in the W The first was the E36, M There was also an option for the M A limited edition 6. In came the M powered E55 which used a 5. The body styling on all of the W AMG models was the same until when a facelift and interior upgrades were implemented.
Production was actually split between Affalterbach and the Bremen Mercedes Benz facility until the end of The rarest of all AMG models due to low productions numbers worldwide, [ citation needed ] the European-spec E36 was produced from - W and - W and was not available in the US market. The E36 looks identical to the E55 pre-facelift. The European-spec E50 was only produced for the model year.
The E50 was not available on the US market. It has a 5. Most of these items were standard in North America. The W E55 was produced for 5 years through with a facelift in Brakes Hydraulic dual-circuit braking system with vacuum servo unit, disk brakes, internally ventilated, two piece front "floating" rotors and 2-piston front floating calipers.
Most of the options were standard in North America. The W was available with factory armoring, these cars were known as GUARD versions and were available with 2 different levels of armored protection, B4 or B6.
In , Mercedes-Benz reintroduced the 4Matic all-wheel drive system in the US on the W, although it was previously available in some European territories. Rather than using the clutches and couplings of the earlier design, Mercedes opted to use three open differentials: The front suspension design of the 4Matic-equipped models is different to the rear wheel drive models and makes some replacement parts such as shock absorbers more expensive.
More than units have been built to order, making it one of the rarest Mercedes-Benz vehicles. Some known problems include the front spring perch has corroded and tearing away from the inner fender wing , causing the front suspension to collapse.
Other problems include defective harmonic balancer pulleys recall , rust on trunk lid near latch, rust on Mercedes emblem on front hood, rust on door frames under window seals recall , rust on front wings just above bumper, defective mass airflow meter, melted rear light bulb sockets, defective blower motor regulators, and rear window regulator failures.
Harmonic Balancer - Some M and M engines used in W models were equipped with a harmonic balancer pulley which, due to a supplier quality problem, may fail and cause engine damage.